This is an article that Bonnie Friedman (AKA The Hospital Warrior) and I wrote last summer.  It was published on, a widely read website aimed at medical professionals.   Although the principles of advocacy in the hospital remain the same, this article was written prior to the Covid-19 pandemic.  We have recently addressed the issue of advocacy when family visitation is not allowed, again on and posted on my blog.

Who should advocate for older patients in the hospital?


About the Author

Author, Speaker, Hospitalization Expert, Researcher

Author and speaker Sara L. Merwin MPH received her Master of Public Health degree in epidemiology from the Columbia Mailman School of Public Health and has worked as a clinical researcher at Northwell Health System and Montefiore Medical Center. She has held faculty appointments at Zucker Hofstra School of Medicine and Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Her career and research focus includes patient and professional education and communication.